Jinan Great Southern Mosque - China

 

Jinan Great Southern Mosque (simplified Chinese: 济南清真南大寺; traditional Chinese: 濟南清真南大寺; pinyin: Jǐnán Qīngzhēn Nán Dà Sì) is the oldest mosque in the city of Jinan, Shandong Province, China. First established during the Yuan Dynasty (in 1295), most of the present structures were erected during the Ming Dynasty (in 1436 and 1492). The basic layout of the mosque is that of a Chinese temple into which the elements needed for its function as a mosque have been integrated.

According to legend, the Great Southern Mosque was originally founded during the Tang Dynasty, but there are no known records to confirm this. The written record dates the establishment of the mosque at its present site to the year 1295, during the first year of the reign of Temür Khan, Emperor Chengzong of Yuan.

Construction of the present day structures started in 1436, the first year in the reign of the Zhengtong Emperor. Significant extension were undertaken in the year 1492, the fifth year in the reign of the Hongzhi Emperor. Other recorded renovations followed during the reigns of the Jiajing (1521–1567) and Wanli (1572–1620) Emperors of the Ming Dynasty, the Jiaqing (1796–1820), Daoguang (1820–1850), and Tongzhi (1861–1875) Emperors of the Qing Dynasty, as well as during the early Republican era.

The mosque was damaged severely during the Cultural Revolution with many of the historical artifacts it housed being destroyed and the building converted into a factory. Since 1992, it has been protected as a provincial-level key cultural heritage site.;

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map for Jinan mosque

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